Pervasive Gaze Sensing, Analysis, and Interaction: The New Frontier
The measurement, analysis, and use of human gaze has a long history in various academic disciplines and in industry but has long been limited to special application domains or user groups. Driven by the recent commercial breakthrough of virtual and augmented reality technology, as well as the advent of affordable stationary and head-mounted eye trackers, gaze interfaces are on the verge to finally become available in a wide range of consumer applications and to be used by millions of users on a daily basis. These latest advances pose an important question – what is next?
In my talk I will argue for a new frontier in eye tracking research: The development of pervasive attentive user interfaces that sense, analyse, and adapt to users’ gaze in all explicit and implicit interactions that users perform with machines in everyday life. These new interfaces will go far beyond current interfaces that still require (partly) controlled environments, that assume gaze input to be deliberately triggered by users, that often consider the point of gaze as the only gaze characteristic, and that are geared to temporary interactions. Pervasive attentive user interfaces promise exciting new applications that, for example, sense gaze robustly, accurately, and seamlessly across arbitrary devices and systems, that analyse gaze behaviour continuously over long periods of time in daily life, and that combine gaze with other input modalities to enable truly natural, intuitive, and expressive interactions with machines.